Florida May Exceed New York in Population by March 2014
U.S. Census Bureau released figures of population growth for the United States in 2013 on Monday. The U.S. Census Bureau stated, growth over the past 12 months from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2013 was only 0.71% or about 2.3 million people. This is the slowest rate since 1937.
The U.S. Census bureau stated in its state-by-state population estimates for 2013, the population of New York - 19,651,127 - exceeded Florida's 19,552,860 total residents by only 98,267.
"The actual ranking is of little consequence. What's more important are the underlying trends, namely that Florida has been growing substantially faster than New York for many decades," said Stanley Smith, program director for the Bureau of Economic and Business Research at the University of Florida.
Florida has been growing at 3.75 percent since 2010, according to the latest Census data. Florida gained more than 230,000 people from a year earlier. New York’s growth was more modest, with some 75,000 new residents.
Jan K. Vink, a specialist with the Program on Applied Demographics at Cornell University, which reviews Census Bureau estimates and supplies raw data to the agency, told NY Times the figures for July indicated that Florida would most likely surpass New York in early 2014, perhaps as soon as March.
“It’s to be expected,” Mr. Vink said, adding that “if trends hold in 2014, Florida will take over.”
Migration is the key to the population growth in Florida, since the difference annually between the birth and death rates is so small. Also, Florida has been a haven for retirees, families and New Yorkers seeking an escape from the cold weather.
“But in terms of [domestic] migration, more people leave New York than move into New York,” Stan Smith, of the Bureau of Economic and Business Research at the University of Florida told Miami Herald.
Analysts said the new figures were not at all surprising. U.S. Census Bureau estimates put the U.S. population at 316.1 million as of July 1, with states in the South and West growing faster than the rest of the country. Meanwhile, the Midwest and Northeast came to a standstill.
The largest states were California at 38.3 million and Texas at 26.5 million, according to the data.
Wyoming claimed the title of least-populous state with just 582,658 people.
West Virginia and Maine were the only states to have projected declines in population from 2012 to 2013.
William H. Frey, a demographer with the Brookings Institution, said that the national rate of growth could be a cause of concern, especially with persistent economic uncertainty. “We’re still in the doldrums in a lot of ways, and one of them is our national population growth." Adding, “People have been holding off in having kids, and that shows in these numbers.”